How to kill weeds and moss from your patio?

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Maintaining a pristine patio often involves tackling persistent and unwelcome guests: weeds and moss. These opportunistic invaders find their way into the smallest crevices between pavers or on the surfaces of patio slabs, thriving in the cool, damp, and shaded areas they favor.

While the sight of moss, along with algae, lichen, and liverwort, adorning ancient walls and garden statues may add a touch of whimsy to your garden, on a patio, they pose a slippery risk, escalating the urgency to address the issue promptly.

Eradicating weeds and moss from patio areas demands a strategy that differs significantly from lawn care. Fortunately, spotting and managing these intruders on hard surfaces can be more straightforward. Whether you’re drawn to the efficacy of commercial herbicides or prefer environmentally friendly solutions, the battle against patio weeds and moss is ongoing, requiring regular attention to keep them at bay.

Understanding Weed and Moss Growth on Patios

Weed proliferation or moss growth on patios are primarily due to two factors: exposure to light and the presence of organic matter. Even the tiniest of gaps between pavers can accumulate enough soil to support weed growth, especially in shaded, damp areas.

Understanding this can significantly influence your approach to weed and moss management. Regular sweeping and cleaning to remove organic debris and loose dirt from the patio surface, as these can harbour weed seeds, are paramount.

Additionally, consider improving drainage to reduce moisture, creating a less inviting environment for weeds and moss.

Eco-friendly means to kill weeds and moss on your patio

Traditional herbicides, while effective, come with a slew of environmental and health risks, from contaminating groundwater to harming beneficial insects and plants.

In the quest for a greener, more sustainable outdoor space, finding eco-friendly ways to maintain your patio without resorting to harsh chemicals is paramount. 

moss on a paved patio

Uprooting Weeds by Hand

remove weed from your patio by hand

Let’s get started with the obvious ! Rolling up your sleeves and getting down to the nitty-gritty of weed removal by hand or with the help of hand tools really puts the term ‘elbow grease’ into perspective. This hands-on approach guarantees that you’re yanking out the whole shebang — roots and all. Yes, it’s a workout and might have you breaking a sweat, but it’s unbeatably thorough, ensuring those pesky invaders don’t make an unwelcome comeback. It’s all about putting in that good old-fashioned effort to keep your patio pristine.

crack weeder

Using Tools

If you go down the road to remove moss and weeds from your patio by hand, it does not mean that you have to do it without the help of tools ! Many weeders like crack weeders are designed for precision weeding, allowing gardeners to remove weeds from hard-to-reach places. A V-notch weeder, for example, is excellent for digging out deep-rooted weeds

Boiling Water

This is a simple, immediate, and effective method to kill weeds and moss. Pouring boiling water directly onto the weeds and moss causes them to scald, effectively killing them. This method is best suited for areas where there are no desirable plants nearby, as the boiling water does not discriminate between weeds and valued garden plants.


A natural acetic acid solution, vinegar can be used in a diluted form (often mixed with water) to create an eco-friendly herbicide. The acid in the vinegar burns the weeds and moss upon contact, causing them to die. This method works most effectively under full sunlight, as the sun accelerates the dehydration process initiated by the vinegar.

Soap Mixture

Combining water, salt, vinegar, and a small amount of liquid soap creates a potent moss and weed killer. The soap acts as a surfactant, allowing the vinegar and salt solution to stick to the plants more effectively, leading to dehydration and death of the plants. This solution is versatile and can be used on a variety of surfaces without damaging them.


A strong saline solution can dehydrate and kill weeds effectively. By mixing water with a significant portion of salt and applying it directly to the weeds, you can create an environment where it becomes difficult for the weeds to survive. This method is especially effective for weeds growing in cracks and crevices on patios.

Baking Soda

Known for its versatility in cleaning and deodorizing, baking soda can also kill moss and weeds when sprinkled in generous amounts. It creates an alkaline environment that is inhospitable to moss. After application, the area should be left to sit overnight before scrubbing off the dead moss. This method is particularly effective on hard surfaces like paving stones.

Burn Weeds Using a Weed Torch

This method involves using a propane torch to apply direct heat to weeds, causing the water inside their cells to boil and the cells to burst. It’s a quick, effective way to kill weeds on patios and driveways. However, it requires careful handling to avoid accidental damage to desirable plants or surfaces.

weed torch

Lawn Sand

Lawn sand is used to target moss in turfed areas but can also be effective on patios adjacent to grassy areas. It contains iron sulphate, which kills moss, and ammonia sulphate, which promotes grass health. The dry sand helps to spread the mixture evenly. When applied to moss, it causes it to blacken and die, after which it can be easily brushed away.

Organic Herbicide Treatment

Organic herbicides, often made from natural acids like vinegar or citrus oil, offer an environmentally friendly alternative to chemical herbicides. These solutions work by burning the plant’s foliage upon contact, leading to its death. They are suitable for use in organic gardening and on patios where chemical runoff is a concern.

Each of these methods provides a natural way to combat weed and moss growth on patios, with options ranging from simple household remedies to more targeted applications using specialized tools or organic herbicides.

What about the herbicides?

Chemical weed killers, also known as herbicides, offer a powerful solution for controlling weeds and moss on patios and in gardens. These products contain active ingredients designed to target and kill unwanted vegetation through various mechanisms, such as disrupting plant growth processes, inhibiting photosynthesis, or directly poisoning the plant cells.

Chemical herbicides can be selective, targeting specific types of plants while sparing others, or non-selective, killing all vegetation they come into contact with. This makes them highly effective for clearing large areas of weeds or for spot treatment of persistent weeds in cracks and crevices on patios.

When using chemical weed killers, it’s important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully to ensure effective results while minimizing potential harm to desirable plants and the environment. Personal protective equipment, such as gloves and masks, should be worn to avoid exposure to these chemicals.

Although chemical solutions can provide quick and lasting weed control, considering their environmental impact and potential effects on human and animal health is essential, making them a solution to be used judiciously and as part of a broader weed management strategy.

Application Method

The ease and method of application are also important to consider. Some patio weed killers are available in ready-to-use spray bottles, which are convenient for spot treatments. Others might come as concentrates that require dilution and are applied using a sprayer, suitable for larger areas.

Additionally, granular forms can be spread across the patio and work well for preventative measures. Choose a product that aligns with the size of your patio and your preference for application ease.

Different types of weeds = different solutions

In managing moss and weed infestations, understanding the types of weeds you’re dealing with is crucial for selecting the most effective control methods. Weeds vary widely in their growth habits, life cycles, and resilience against different treatment strategies. From annual and perennial invaders to broadleaf and grassy nuisances, each weed type presents unique challenges in gardens, lawns, and patios.

Annual Weeds (e.g., Chickweed, Crabgrass)

Boiling Water: A simple and effective method for spot treatment. Pouring boiling water directly onto the weeds causes them to wilt and die, ideal for annuals sprouting in patio cracks.

Physical Barriers: Applying a thick layer of sand or polymeric sand in the cracks between pavers can prevent weed seeds from taking root, effectively blocking new growth.

Perennial Weeds (e.g., Dandelions, Dock)

Dandelion growing in betweens patio pavers

Manual Removal: Use a patio weeding tool or a knife to carefully remove the entire root system from the cracks, ensuring they don’t regrow.

Salt or Vinegar Solutions: Apply a solution of saltwater or diluted vinegar directly to the weeds. Be cautious with application to avoid affecting nearby soil or plants.

Broadleaf Weeds (e.g., Plantain, Clover)

Natural Spot Treatments: A homemade herbicide made from vinegar, salt, and a drop of dish soap can target broadleaf weeds without the need for synthetic chemicals. Apply directly to the leaves.

Grassy Weeds (e.g., Quackgrass, Bermuda Grass)

Corn Gluten Meal: While more commonly used in gardens, corn gluten meal can be applied to patio edges as a pre-emergent herbicide to deter grassy weeds.

Heat Treatment: A flame weeder can be carefully used to apply direct heat to grassy weeds, causing them to wilt and die without the use of chemicals.


Physical Removal: Scrubbing with a stiff brush or using a pressure washer on a low setting can remove moss from surfaces. Ensure to direct water away from the foundation.

Baking Soda or Iron Sulfate: Sprinkle baking soda or apply a solution of iron sulfate over the moss. These substances create an environment inhospitable to moss without harming pets or wildlife.

By adopting these eco-friendly approaches, you can manage patio weeds and moss effectively without resorting to harsh chemicals, ensuring your outdoor living space remains beautiful and sustainable.

Preventing Weed and Moss Growth on a Paver Patio

Preventing moss and weed growth on a paver patio begins with proper installation and regular maintenance.

When laying the patio, ensure that a high-quality landscape fabric is placed beneath the stones. This fabric acts as a barrier, reducing the likelihood of weeds sprouting by blocking sunlight and preventing weed seeds from reaching the soil underneath the pavers.

Additionally, filling the joints between pavers with polymeric sand is crucial. This sand contains additives that, when activated with water, form a strong bond that not only deters weed growth but also resists erosion. Regularly sweeping your patio to remove organic debris and seeds before they can sprout will further reduce weed emergence.

By understanding the nature of weed and moss growth on patios and employing both preventive and direct action strategies, you can enjoy a beautiful, weed-free outdoor living space.

Whether tackling annual weeds with precision or adopting comprehensive strategies, the key to success lies in consistency and vigilance.

patio paving dublin

In summary, maintaining a weed and moss-free patio is an achievable goal through a combination of preventive measures, regular maintenance, and eco-friendly treatment options.

By understanding the specific challenges posed by different types of weeds and moss, homeowners can select the most effective, sustainable methods to keep their patios pristine. From manual removal and natural solutions like boiling water, vinegar, and baking soda, to the strategic use of tools and organic herbicides, there are numerous ways to address these common patio nuisances without resorting to harsh chemicals.

Embracing these environmentally friendly practices not only contributes to a healthier ecosystem but also ensures that your outdoor living space remains a safe, inviting, and enjoyable extension of your home. With diligence and the right approach, a beautifully maintained patio is well within reach, allowing you to fully enjoy your outdoor sanctuary.

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